1: Net Run Rate

It was first in 1999 World Cup, when Australia showed it to the world the importance of the net run rate. They sent Tom Moody ahead of many veterans , simply to score quick runs so that they just needed to defeat West Indies to reach the semi finals of the World Cup . Otherwise, Aussies should have defeated the West Indies with a significant margin to reach the semi finals.But it was a something known to them before the match and they could plan it.

But what about the matches when the calculations of the net run rate are done during the course of the match i.e the calculations depend on the match proceedings. The burning example is the recently concluded match between Rajasthan Royals and Mumbai Indians. It involved lot of confusions and complex calculations and also the players were not aware of it. There were cheats passed by the team management to the players , briefing them about the calculations. But what happened in the match was beyond the understanding of a common cricket fan. A team which needed to win in 14.2 overs , won the game in 14.3 but still managed to qualify. Statisticians gave several logics to justify that but what about the normal cricketing fan.

So, ICC must lay down a set of normal rules regarding this so that the common fans can understand these.

2:Duckworth Lewis

Since our childhood , we have been cursing the history amkers on why did they write it. The fact that we have to read it because of them has ensured that they get a mouthful of words from us. Duckworth and Lewis, 2 gentlemen also stands in a similar situation when one talks about their rules. No one on earth can claim to have understood them , but atleast they are better than the previously existing rain rule which denied South Africa from a berth in the semi finals of the 1992 World Cup.

This rule is way beyond the understanding of a common fan and the calculations involve the experts sitting down and doing all the required calculations. But, this law tends to support the team batting second and is not very effective when it comes to deciding the match in crunch situations or when the overs are less, especially in T20 cricket. It is slightly ok when 35-40 overs are left but when t comes to around 10-15 overs, it can change the whole complexion of the game. It also does not consider the bowlers , who are to bowl the remaining overs or the batsman who are next to bat.

3:LBW

LBW is also a way in which a batsman can get out and the main problem with it that , whether a batsman is given out or not completely depends on the umpire. There are several set of rules laid for helping the umpire , on whether they should give a batsman Out or Not-out on a particular delivery. But,, still they are humans and have to make the decisions within fraction of seconds .

What makes it more controversial is the fact that on the same delivery, one umpire may give the batsman Out and the other umpire may give him Not- Out. The famous decision of Ian bell being given Not-Out in India vs England match in 2011 World Cup ignited many controversies. So, there should be some steps taken by the ICC to create the maximum possible uniformity on the decisions made by the umpires.

4:Wide Ball

Wide Ball is an extra delivery where the bating team gets a extra run and the ball has to be re bowled. It completely depends on the umpires to decide whether the ball is wide or not. For the sake of convenience , there is a guide line , which for long decided the fate. But, now the umpires are not very willing to use that until and unless the batsman plays from the normal position.

They look after the initial strides of the batsman and also their positions. The umpires are reluctant to call a ball, a wide one , if it it very wide of the off-stump and simultaneously the batsman is backing away from the off stump. The switch hit did bringa lot of controversy on whether a batsman should be considered a right handed or left handed. Every umpire tackled it their own way.

So, for everything that depends completely on the on field umpires can be controversial and confusing.

5: Length of  Boundary and it boundary rules

The length of boundary has been curtailed after the invention of T20 cricket, just to increase the number of boundaries and sixes, which in turn entertains the crowd. There is no fix limit and the boundary length varies everytime which can be a problem. ICC should try to make it uniform so that bowlers and fielders are better prepared. The grounds that do not fit this should not be allowed to host a match.

Coming to the boundary rules, there are mainly 2 ways of getting a  boundary:

A: The ball should touch the rope or it should cross the role and on ground , not in air . If it’s in air and someone drage it back into play, this will not be called a boundary.

B: If the fielder fields the ball within the boundary, but he touches the boundary simultaneously , then it will be a boundary.

But all the parameters are considered with the original position of the rope as datum line. If, the rope is slightly displaced from it’s original position then also the decision will be made from it’s mean position.