In 1932 pre-independence era, Indian cricket team got its Test status. Colonel Cottari Kanakaiya Nayudu aka CK Nayudu was the first Indian captain to lead India in the Lord’s Test against England. Nayudu played only seven Tests and 207 first class matches. He is more known as the first Indian captain. BCCI also named a tournament after him.
He scored 11285 first class runs at an average of 35.94. But, he was known not for his first-class career but for the being the first leader of an undivided Indin team. He will always be a figure to be remembered to the Indian cricket fans. But, Can anybody remember who was the second Indian captain? Those who sleep in cricket probably now.
Cricket was known as the game of king. So, in the early days of Indian cricket people who belongs royal family used to try their hands in cricket. It was more fame than professionalism that was the parameter of selection. The kings wanted to show the white English colonial mandarins that Indian kings could also play cricket. So, Maharajah of Vizianagram who used to wear spectacle had become the second Indian captain. He did not have cricket merit but because of his royal background he had become the captain of Indian team. He played only three Tests for India in England in 1936. He lost two Tests managed to draw one at Manchester.
So, like Maharajah of Vizianagram who were the second captains of all 10 Test playing nations.
Billy Murdoch, Australia
Billy Murdoch was a batsman to reckon with. In 1877, he took over the rein of Australian captaincy from the first captain Dave Gregory, who played only three Tests. Murdoch had played 19 Tests for Australia and scored 908 runs at an average of 31.31. His highest score was 211. He scored two hundred and one fifty. As a captain, he played only five matches. He won three matches.
Lord Harris, England
James Lillywhite was the first England captain. Harris was the governor of Bombay from 1890 to 1895. He was a very influential figure in England cricket. He played only four Tests for England. He had had a leadership quality. He rebuilt Kent cricket team and led them to USA and Canada. He also assembled an England XI in 1880 and captained the first Test in Australia.
Teddy Hoad, West Indies
Karl Nunes was the first West Indies captain. Hoad was the first West Indies captain who led the Carribean team in England for the. His first class batting record was good. He led West Indies in 1933 England series and played 3 Tests out of four in England.
Willaim Milton, South Africa
Milton had played three Tests for south Africa. He emigrated to South Africa after playing rugby for England. Owen Dunell was the first South Africa captain. At the age of 24 Milton had become the South Africa Test team captain. He led South Africa in two Tests and lost both of them
Curly Page, New Zealand
Tom Lowry was the first New Zealand captain. Curly Page had succeeded Lowry. He played 14 Test for New Zealand. He was allrounder. He could play rugby and football. His Test average was 24.60.
Fazal Mahmood, Pakistan
Mahmood had taken rein of captaincy from Abdul Hafeez Kardar. Kardar led Pakistan for 5 years from 1952 to 1957. Mahmood led Pakistan for three matches. He won the all three games.He was the first Pakistan bowler who posed a threat to opponent teams. He was known as the “torchbearer” of the modern form of Shoaib Akhtar. He played 34 Tests and got 139 wickets. Mahmood led Pakistan defeated West Indies in Karachi in 1959 in two successive matches. Pakistan completed the whitewash in Dhaka.
Duleep Mendis, Sri Lanka
Bandula Warnapura was the first Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka got their first Test status on July 21, 1981. Warnapura played three series against England, Pakistan, and India. But the success came under Duleep Mendis. From 1981 to 1987 he was the captain of Sri Lanka. Mendis himself was a handy batsman. He played 24 Tests and 79 ODIs for Sri Lanka. His Test average 31.64 and ODI average was 23.49.
Andy Flower, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe got their Test status in 1992. Dave Houghton was the first Zimbabwe captain who led the country in the 1992 World Cup. Andy Flower was the second captain of Zimbabwe under whom Zimbabwe registered their first Test victory. The Zimbabwe cricket team filled with allrounder had become the a force to reckon with in international cricket. Flower led Zimbabwe in 20 Test. Lost 10 Test and only victory came against Pakistan. The remaining matches were drawn.
Khaled Masud, Bangladesh
Bangladesh got their full ICC membership in 2000. Naimur Rahman was the first Bangladesh captain. Bangladesh is the only team among all full members who failed to justify their status.
In 2005-2006 under the captaincy of wicketkeeper-batsman, Khaled Masud Bangladesh won their second ODI against Zimbabwe and whitewashed Kenya 5-0 at Nairobi Gymkhana Club Ground.