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The India national cricket team, fondly called Team India or the Men in Blue, represents India in international cricket. The team is governed by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI). Team India is a full member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) and thus possess the Test, One Day International (ODI) and Twenty20 International (T20I) status.

India national cricket team got a taste of the game from the very early days. The game was first introduced in colonial India by the ruling European elites while the first cricket club was established in Calcutta (currently known as Kolkata) way back in 1792. However, it took India nearly 150 years more to play their first-ever Test match when they played a Test match on 25 June 1932 at Lord’s. In doing so, India became the sixth team to get the Test status.

Not surprisingly, Team India remained the underdogs in the first few decades after getting the Test status. In fact, they managed to end up on the winning side of a Test on only 35 occasions in 196 attempts.  It took them nearly two decades to win their first Test which came in 1952.

But the team’s fortunes took a turn for the good in the 1970s.  The likes of Sunil Gavaskar, Kapil Dev, Erapalli Prasanna, Srinivas Venkataraghavan, Bhagwat Chandrasekhar and Bishen Singh Bedi gave India a new identity. India started winning series and beat the likes of England and West Indies to prove their immense credentials.

The miraculous win over the mighty West Indies in the 1983 World Cup final more or less established India as a cricketing powerhouse. Till date, the cricket-obsessed nation has won two 50-over World Cups – in 1983 under the captaincy of Kapil Dev and in 2011 under the captaincy of Mahendra Singh Dhoni. After winning the 2011 World Cup, India became only the third team after West Indies and Australia to have won the World Cup more than once and the first cricket team to win the World Cup at home. It also won the 2007 ICC World Twenty20 and 2013 ICC Champions Trophy, under the captaincy of MS Dhoni.

History:

The British brought cricket to India in the early 1700s, with the first cricket match played in 1721. More than a century later, the  Parsi community in Bombay formed the Oriental Cricket Club, the first cricket club to be established by Indians. The Europeans, who were hesitant to play with the Indians, mellowed down after a while and invited the Parsis to play a match in 1877.

By 1912, the Parsis, Sikhs, Hindus and Muslims of Bombay played a quadrangular tournament with the Europeans every year. In fact, the likes of Ranjitsinhji and KS Duleepsinhji received lavish praise from the British. Currently two of the most prestigious competitions of the country – Ranji Trophy and the Duleep Trophy – are named after the two.

In 1911, an Indian team went on their first official tour of the British Isles. However, they returned to India after only playing against the county sides.

Test match status:

India began their journey in Test cricket in 1932 under the captaincy of CK Nayudu, considered as the finest Indian batsmen at that time. The game against England took place at the iconic Lord’s in London. As expected, England made light work of India, beating the Asian side by 158 runs.

In the following year, India national cricket team played their first Test series when they host England for three games. India’s wait for a win continued as England won the series 2-0. As time wore on, India improved but could not get success on the field in the 30s and 40s. In the early 1940s, India didn’t play any Test cricket due to the Second World War. The team’s first series as an independent country was in late 1947 against Sir Donald Bradman’s Invincibles. It was also the first Test series Team India played which was not against England.

Australia had gone on to thrash India by 4-0 in the five-match series.  In the following year, India hosted West Indies and narrowly lost the five-match series 1-0.

Finally after 23 Tests, India national cricket team registered their first win when they beat England at Madras in 1952. Later in the same year, they won their first Test series by beating arch-rivals Pakistan. In 1956, they beat New Zealand to win another series as they continued improving. But they did not win any more Test in the 50s while also suffering crushing defeats against England and Australia. In 1959, England thrashed India 5-0 to register their only clean sweep in a five-match series. In the 60s, India enhanced their reputation by doing well at home.

They won their first Test series against England at home in 1961–62 and also won a home series against New Zealand. They managed to draw home series against Pakistan and Australia and another series against England. In this same period, India also won its first series outside the subcontinent, against New Zealand in 1967–68.

One of the reasons behind Team India’s success in 70s was their fearsome spin quartet – Bishen Bedi, E.A.S. Prasanna, BS Chandrasekhar and Srinivas Venkataraghavan. The emergence of the legendary Sunil Gavaskar and Gundappa Viswanath further bolstered the team. The spin quartet experienced good success against the teams on spinner-friendly wickets at home. With this core of the team, India national cricket team registered historic back-to-back series wins in 1971 in the West Indies and in England, under the captaincy of Ajit Wadekar. Gavaskar scored a staggering 774 runs against the West Indies.

The game of cricket soon witnessed a new aspect in the game with the arrival of One-Day Internationals where the teams were required to play a limited number of overs. And just like the Tests, India struggled to get going in ODIs too early on. India could not qualify for the second round in the first two editions of the Cricket World Cup.

But in Tests, India continued to be a threat.  India set a then Test record in the third Test against the West Indies at Port-of-Spain in 1976, when they chased 403 to win. In November 1976, the team created another record by scoring 524 for 9 declared against New Zealand at Kanpur without any individual batsman scoring a century.

The emergence of players like Mohammed Azharuddin, Dilip Vengsarkar and all-rounders Kapil Dev and Ravi Shastri gave the India national cricket team another dimension. In 1983, Indian cricket achieved one of their biggest achievements when they beat two-time defending champions West Indies to win the World Cup. In the following year, India won the Asia Cup and in 1985, won the World Championship of Cricket in Australia. But overall, India did not enjoy good outings outside home.

Apart from this, Team India remained a weak team outside the Indian subcontinent. India’s Test series victory in 1986 against England remained the last Test series win by India outside the subcontinent for the next 19 years. But unlike the team, several Indian player continued to make merry. The likes of Gavaskar and Kapil became two of world cricket’s biggest players. Gavaskar made a Test record 34 centuries as he became the first man to reach the 10,000 run mark. Kapil Dev later became the highest wicket-taker in Test cricket with 434 wickets.

Towards the end of the 1980, India national cricket team was further bolstered by the addition of the likes of Sachin Tendulkar and Anil Kumble. In 1991,  Javagal Srinath, known for his express pace, made his debut. However, India’s fortunes did not improve much.  During the 1990s, India did not win any of its 33 Tests outside the subcontinent while it won 17 out of its 30 Tests at home. In the 1996 World Cup, India national cricket team lost to Sri Lanka National Cricket Team on home soil in the semifinal which sparked protests across the nation.

In the same year, Sourav Ganguly and Rahul Dravid made their Test debuts. Later, both the players went on to lead India across formats.  Tendulkar replaced Azharuddin as captain in late 1996, but after a personal and team form slump, Tendulkar stepped down and Azharuddin was reinstated at the beginning of 1998. With the captaincy burden removed, Tendulkar was the world’s leading run-scorer in both Tests and ODIs, as India enjoyed a home Test series win over Australia.

In the 1999 World Cup, India failed to make it to the semifinal which saw Tendulkar taking up captaincy once again. However, he had a poor run once again, as India lost to Australia and South Africa. Tendulkar resigned, vowing never to captain the team again. Sourav Ganguly then took charge of the team. However, the India National Cricket Team was rocked in 2000 when former captain Azharuddin and fellow batsman Ajay Jadeja was found guilty of match-fixing.  But it turned out to be a blessing in disguise as Ganguly formed a team of youngsters who went on to shape up Indian cricket’s future.

New phase:

The turn of the millennium saw Indian cricket taking another turn for the good. The BCCI roped in John Wright, the first overseas coach, to oversee a team full of talented but inexperienced youngsters. The series win over Steve Waugh’s all-conquering Australian team in the Tests in 2001 gave a glimpse of what to expect from the team.

Victory against Australia marked the beginning of a dream run for India under their captain Ganguly, winning Test matches in Zimbabwe, Sri Lanka, West Indies and England. In 2002, India had chased down a record 325 to win the ODI series in England.  In the same year, India were joint-winners of the ICC Champions Trophy with Sri Lanka and then went to the 2003 Cricket World Cup in South Africa where they reached the final.

The 2003–04 season also saw  Team India play out a Test series in Australia where they drew 1–1 with the world champions, and then win a Test and ODI series in Pakistan.

But towards the end of 2004, India’s form slumped. They lost a Test series against Australia at home before losing ODIs at home against Pakistan followed by a Test series leveled 1–1. Greg Chappell took over from John Wright as the coach of the India National cricket team following the series but his tenure was marred by controversy. The new coach fell out with Ganguly. Consequently, Ganguly was replaced by Dravid as the captain of the team. But while the decision was controversial, the results followed.

Players like Mahendra Singh Dhoni and Suresh Raina were a healthy addition to the team while the likes of Yuvraj Singh and Irfan Pathan continued to impress. India reached second place in the ICC ODI rankings after beating Sri Lanka and drawing with South Africa at home. A convincing ODI series win in Pakistan in early 2006, following a loss in the Test series, gave India the world record of 17 successive ODI victories while batting second. But India’s form in ODIs soon deepened with the 4-1 loss in the Caribbeans. However, the Rahul Dravid-led side beat the hosts in the Test series to register their first Test series victory in the Caribbean since 1971. But there was no respite for them in ODIs. They had a forgettable outing at home in the 2006 Champions Trophy and were thrashed in South Africa. On the same tour, they beat South Africa in one of the Tests but lost the series. In the Test series, Ganguly made his comeback to the Test team.

In December 2006, India national cricket team played and won its first ever Twenty20 international in South Africa. The beginning of 2007 had seen a revival in the Indian team’s ODI fortunes before the 2007 Cricket World Cup. India beat the likes of West Indies and Sri Lanka to enter the 2007 World Cup as one of the favorites. However, it ended up losing to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to bow out of the competition from the group stage.

Success under MS Dhoni:

India’s fortunes completely changed across formats when MS Dhoni took over as captain. Rahul Dravid stepped down as Test captain after guiding India to a series win in England in 2007. After that, Dhoni took charge of the ODI and T20I team. In his maiden assignment, Dhoni led India to the title in the inaugural World T20I which remains India’s only World T20I title till date. Anil Kumble, on the other hand, replaced Dravid as the Test captain.

In 2007–08, they toured Australia where India lost the highly controversial Test series 2–1 but managed to win the CB series. In 2009, under Dhoni’s captaincy, India beat New Zealand away for the first time in 41 years. In the same year, they beat Sri Lanka 2-0 to move to the top of ICC Test rankings for the first time. They retained the ranking by drawing series against South Africa and Sri Lanka. In October 2010, India whitewashed Australia 2–0 in the home test series, giving them back-to-back series wins against them. Later that year, India National cricket team managed to draw the Test series in South Africa at 1–1.

In 2011, Dhoni guided India to World Cup title. The Men in Blue beat Sri Lanka in the final to end the long 28-year wait for a World Cup. India also became the first team to win the World Cup on home soil.

But soon India’s form deteriorated. England thrashed India 4-0 in Tests to displace them as the top Test side. The series was followed by another 4–0 whitewash of India in January 2012 in Australia. The disastrous whitewashes saw the retirement of Dravid and VVS Laxman from Test cricket in 2012. Tendulkar retired in November 2013 after his 200th Test match. With Ganguly having retired in 2008, this period signaled the end of the fabled middle-order batting line-up India had for a decade. The loss in the Test series at home against England ended two disastrous years for India in Tests. In the same year, India lost to Pakistan 2-1 in ODIs at home. They were then knocked out in the second round of the 2012 ICC World Twenty20. India also failed to qualify for the 2012 Asia Cup final which closed out a disappointing 2012 for the India national cricket team.

The year 2013, however, saw India bouncing back. India whitewashed Australia 4-0 at home to reclaim the Border-Gavaskar Trophy.  MS Dhoni & Co. then beat the Aussies 3–2 in the 7-match ODI series and won the one-off T20I. However, India lost heavily against New Zealand and South Africa away from home.

But the team once again proved its critics wrong by winning the ICC Champions Trophy in England by beating the hosts in the final. With that, Dhoni became the first captain in history to win the three major ICC trophies, namely- ICC Cricket World Cup, ICC World Twenty20 and ICC Champions Trophy. This was followed by a victory in the West Indies Triangular Series in 2013  featuring the hosts and Sri Lanka.

In 2014, India toured Bangladesh and England. Although they beat the former 2–0 in 3 One Day Internationals, Team India were beaten 3–1 in 5 Test matches by England. India, however, made up for the loss by winning the ODI series 3-1. Despite being the firm favorites, India failed to reach the final of the Asia Cup in 2014.

In the 2014 ICC World Twenty20 hosted in Bangladesh, India narrowly missed out on another ICC trophy by losing to Sri Lanka in the final. The tournament, however, saw Virat Kohli becoming the batting mainstay of the team as he bagged the man of the series award. India soon comprehensively beat Sri Lanka and West Indies in ODI series to cement their position at the top of the ODI rankings.

India’s fortunes in overseas Tests, however, continued to be miserable. They lost 2-0 in Australia in 2014. The series also saw Dhoni retiring from Tests.  Virat Kohli was appointed as the captain of India National cricket team in Tests.

Kohli’s first series win as captain came away from home in a 3-match Test series vs Sri Lanka, which signaled the beginning of an unbeaten Test series run for India. In the following two years, India thoroughly dominated in Tests at home.

In 2015, India thrashed South Africa 3-0 at home. The series kickstarted India’s unbeaten streak of 19 Test matches which was brought to an end by Australia in early 2017. This series also saw the emergence of Ravichandran Ashwin and Ravindra Jadeja as two of the best spinners and all-rounders. The two spinners were the biggest reasons behind India’s dominance at home.

This was followed by limited overs victories over Australia and Sri Lanka away from home. India was knocked out of the 2015 World Cup in the semi-final stage, to eventual winners Australia. India began 2016 by winning the 2016 Asia Cup, remaining unbeaten throughout the tournament, beating Pakistan along the way. India were favorites to win the 2016 ICC World Twenty20 which was being held at home, but they lost in the semi-final to eventual champions West Indies. Virat Kohli was again named the man of the series.

The year 2016 saw India enjoying a lengthy season at home. They hosted New Zealand, England, Bangladesh and Australia. India national cricket team whitewashed New Zealand to regain the number one ranking in Test cricket after almost 10 years. Before the series against England in November 2016, MS Dhoni resigned as captain of India in limited overs, thus handing the captaincy to Virat Kohli across all formats. India beat England across all three formats, with a notable 4–0 win in the Test series. This was followed by Test series wins against Bangladesh and Australia. In the process, India became the third team (after South Africa and Australia) to have won their most recent Test series against all the other Test-playing nations.

In 2017, India made it to the final of the ICC Champions Trophy only to lose to Pakistan. The tournament, however, will be remembered for a major controversy. Coach Kumble had to step down after his relation with Kohli soured. Kumble was replaced by Ravi Shastri.

Following the Champions Trophy, India beat the West Indies 3–1 in a 5-match ODI series in the Caribbean in July 2017. India then toured Sri Lanka, and comprehensively defeated them 3-0 in a three-match Test series, the first time India had whitewashed a team away from home in a Test series with at least three games.

In 2018, India’s run of nine consecutive series win in Tests came to an end in South Africa with the 2-1 loss. The Men in Blue, however, won the subsequent ODI and T20I series. It was India’s first-ever ODI series win in South Africa. Rohit Sharma then led the team to Nidahas Trophy title. But there was absolutely no end to India’s overseas woes as they lost to England in Tests. Following that, India won the Asia Cup for a record seventh time.

Team colours:

First Class:

The first-class teams wear white jersey as the norm across the world. In addition to their whites, Indian fielders wear a dark blue cap or a white wide-brimmed sun hat, with the BCCI logo in the center. Helmets are also dark blue.

Limited Overs:

Unlike Tests, India national cricket team wear the blue-colored jersey in T20Is and ODIs.  OPPO is currently the official team sponsor and its logo is present on the central part of the jersey as well as the sleeve of the players’ leading arms.

Even since cricket welcomed colored jerseys, Team India has chosen blue as their primary color. The secondary color has changed over the years while yellow and orange have been dominant. After the start of the World Series Cup in 1979, each team had to wear a primary and secondary color on their uniforms and the Indian team elected to wear light blue as their primary color and yellow as their secondary color.

Over the years, the jersey has changed drastically but the primary color has remained the same. For the 1992 World Cup (Benson & Hedges World Cup), the team’s colours were changed to navy-blue by ISC, the common kit manufacturer for the tournament. A light shade of blue with yellow as secondary colour and a strip with 10 different colours (representing different nations) was adapted on the uniform for the 1996 World Cup (Wills World Cup) while an even lighter shade of blue and a dominant yellow was used by ASICS, the common kit manufacturer for the 1999 World Cup. The ICC no longer appoints a common kit manufacturer for its tournaments.

In 2005, Nike secured the rights for kit manufacturing. They designed new jerseys for the 2007 World Cup with the lightest shade of blue used by the team till date and golden yellow as the secondary colour. A new tricolour accent was implemented on the right side of the jersey. The colour was changed to a darker feroza blue in 2009 with orange replacing yellow as the secondary colour.

Since international teams started using different kits for T20s and ODIs, Nike released the first T20 kit for the team in 2016. But the primary colour remained same. In 2017, Team India donned a new ODI jersey with a similar shade of blue for the body and a darker shade of blue for the sleeves. The tricolour accent made a return to the uniform as a single thin strip on either sides of upper chest.

Governing body:

The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) looks after the Indian cricket team as well as the domestic teams. The board came into operation way back in 1929. It is one of the wealthiest sporting organizations in the world. Not only does it look after the team but also manages the Indian team’s sponsorships, its future tours and team selection.

Sponsorship:

OPPO is the current sponsor of the team. It signed a five-year deal with the BCCI in 2017. Previously, the Indian team was sponsored by Star India from 2014 to 2017,[54] Sahara India Pariwar from 2002 to 2013 and ITC Limited (with Wills and ITC Hotels brands) from 1993 to 2002.

Global apparel giants Nike are the current kit sponsor for the Indian team until 2020. Nike had acquired the rights from BCCI in 2005. Since 2015, Paytm is the sponsor for all matches played by the team within India until 2019.Star Sports Network is the official broadcaster until 2023 for all matches the team plays in India.

Here is a list showing the Kit Sponsorship history:

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor
1993-1996 None Wills
1999-2001 None Wills
2001-2002 None ITC Hotels
2002-2003 None Sahara
2003-2005 Nike Sahara
2005-2013 Nike Sahara
2014-2017 Nike Star India
2017-2020 Nike Oppo
2020-2022 TBA Oppo

Cricket grounds:

The cricket-obsessed nation boasts of several world-famous cricket stadiums. Mostly the state associations look after the ground.  The Bombay Gymkhana was the first ground in India to host a full-scale cricket match featuring an Indian cricket team. The game was between the Parsis and Europeans wayback in 1877.

The Bombay Gymkhana also hosted the first-ever Test match in India in 1933 and it was the only Test it ever hosted. The second and third Tests in the 1933 series were hosted at Eden Gardens in Kolkata and Chepauk in Madras (now Chennai).

After Independence, Delhi’s Feroz Shah Kotla hosted the first Test in India when the host draw against the West Indies in 1948, just a year after the independence. So far, as many as 21 stadiums in India have hosted at least one Test. In recent times, the BCCI has made a whole-hearted effort to take the game to the unchartered territories as they have set up stadiums in places like Indore, Chandigarh Mohali, Chennai, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Rajkot, Ranchi, Pune, Dharamshala and Nagpur.

So far, Kolkata’s Eden Gardens, which is the second-biggest cricket stadium in the world, has hosted the most number of Tests in India. The stadium was established in 1864 and has witnessed several iconic and controversial games.  Feroz Shah Kotla in Delhi is another historical stadium which was established in 1883. This was the very stadium where Anil Kumble had taken a record all ten wickets in an innings against Pakistan.

Here is a list showing the list of stadiums which have hosted at least one international game so far:

Stadium Place First used
Eden Gardens Kolkata 1934
Feroz Shah Kotla Ground Delhi 1948
M. A. Chidambaram Stadium Chepauk, Chennai 1934
Wankhede Stadium Mumbai 1975
M. Chinnaswamy Stadium Bangalore 1974
Green Park Kanpur 1952
Brabourne Stadium Mumbai 1948
Punjab Cricket Association Stadium Mohali 1994
Sardar Patel Stadium (Gujarat) Motera, Ahmedabad 1983
Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium Nagpur 2008
Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium Hyderabad 2010
Barabati Stadium Cuttack 1987
Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium Rajkot 2016
Holkar Stadium Indore 2016
ACA-VDCA Cricket Stadium Visakhapatnam 2016
Maharashtra Cricket Association Stadium Pune 2017
JSCA International Stadium Complex Ranchi 2017
Himachal Pradesh Cricket Association Stadium Dharamshala 2017
Sawai Mansingh Stadium Jaipur 1987
Greater Noida Sports Complex Ground Greater Noida 2017
Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Cricket Stadium Guwahati 2017
Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium, Dehradun Dehradun 2018
Greenfield International Stadium Thiruvananthapuram 2017
Ekana International Cricket Stadium Lucknow 2018

Here is another list showing the stadiums which used to host international games previously:

Stadium Place First used
Nehru Stadium Chennai 1956
Vidarbha Cricket Association Ground Nagpur 1969
Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium Hyderabad 1955
Bombay Gymkhana Mumbai 1933
Gandhi Stadium Jalandhar 1983
K. D. Singh Babu Stadium Lucknow 1994
Sector 16 Stadium Chandigarh 1990
University Ground Lucknow 1952
Barkatullah Khan Stadium Jodhpur 2000
Captain Roop Singh Stadium Gwalior 1988
Gandhi Sports Complex Ground Amritsar 1982
Indira Gandhi Stadium Vijayawada 2002
Indira Priyadarshini Stadium Visakhapatnam 1988
Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium New Delhi 1984
Keenan Stadium Jamshedpur 1983
Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground Rajkot 1989
Moin-ul-Haq Stadium Patna 1993
Moti Bagh Stadium Vadodara 1983
Nahar Singh Stadium Faridabad 1988
Nehru Stadium Guwahati 1983
Nehru Stadium Indore 1983
Nehru Stadium Kochi 1998
Nehru Stadium Margao 1989
Nehru Stadium Pune 1984
IPCL Sports Complex Ground Vadodara 1994
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Stadium, Ahmedabad Ahmedabad 1981
Sher-i-Kashmir Stadium Srinagar 1983
University Stadium Thiruvananthapuram 1984

Captains:

So far, thirty-two men have led India national cricket team in at at least one Test. Out of those 32, only six led the team in more than 25 Tests while six led the team in ODIs but not Tests.

India’s journey in international cricket began under the captaincy of CK Nayudu when it took on England in its first-ever Test fifteen years from independence. India’s first-ever captain led the side in four games against England – one in England in 1932 and a series of three matches at home a year later. India’s first captain after independence was Lala Amarnath. He is also the first captain to lead India to a victory in Tests as well as first series win. Both victories came in a three-match series at home against Pakistan in 1952–53. From 1952 until 1961–62, India had a number of captains such as Vijay Hazare, Polly Umrigar and Nari Contractor.

Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi then took charge of the team and led the team for 36 Test matches from 1961–62 to 1969–70. He was reinstated as skipper for another four matches against West Indies in 1974–75. While Pataudi is one of India’s most decorated skippers, his start was not smooth. In his early years as captain, India was whitewashed in the West Indies, England and Australia. However, in 1967–68, Pataudi led India on its maiden New Zealand tour, which ended in India winning the Test series 3–1. In 1970–71, Ajit Wadekar took over the captaincy from Pataudi. Under Wadekar’s captaincy, India registered its first Test series win in the West Indies and England. Wadekar is also the first Indian captain to lead the side in ODIs.

India won its first ODI under the captaincy of Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan in the 1975 Cricket World Cup, against East Africa. From 1975 to 1978-79, Bishan Singh Bedi became the team’s captain, leading the side in 22 Tests and 4 ODIs, winning 6 Tests and one ODI.

Bedi was succeeded by Sunil Gavaskar who created the record for leading India in the most number of games at that time. Gavaskar led India in 47 Test matches and 37 ODIs, winning 9 Tests and 14 ODIs. He was succeeded by Kapil Dev in the 1980s, who captained for 34 Test matches, including 4 victories. The most remarkable victory of Kapil Dev’s captaincy stint came in 1983 when India upset the mighty West Indies to win its first World Cup. Overall, Kapil Dev captained India to victory in 39 of his 74 ODIs in charge. He also captained India’s 2–0 Test series victory in England in 1986. Between 1987–88 and 1989–90, India had three captains in Dilip Vengsarkar, Ravi Shastri and Krishnamachari Srikkanth. Vengsarkar took over the captaincy from Kapil Dev after the 1987 Cricket World Cup. Although he started with two centuries in his first series as captain, his captaincy period was not as smooth as that of his predecessor. He had to step down as skipper after the disastrous tour of the West Indies in early-1989.

Mohammad Azharuddin became the next India national cricket team Test captain and his appointment started an era that saw the Indian captains serving for long. Azharuddin led the team in 47 Test matches from 1989–90 to 1998–99, winning 14, and in 174 ODIs, winning 90. He was followed by Sachin Tendulkar, who captained the team in 25 Test matches and 73 ODIs in the late 1990s. But unlike his batting, Tendulkar’s captaincy record cut a sorry figure. He managed just to win just 4 Test matches and 23 ODIs. He was replaced as ODI captain by Ajay Jadeja and then by Sourav Ganguly.

In 2000, Sourav Ganguly took over as captain after a brief captaincy stint by Ajay Jadeja. Ganguly soon went on to become one of India’s most successful skippers. He is hailed as the one who laid the foundation for India’s domination in modern-day cricket. Under Ganguly’s captaincy, India finally started doing well overseas.  Ganguly remained captain until 2005–06 and became the then most successful Indian captain, winning 21 of his 49 Test matches in charge and 76 of his 146 ODIs. Under his captaincy, India became the joint-winners of the 2002 ICC Champions Trophy with Sri Lanka, and the runners-up of the 2003 Cricket World Cup. India lost only three Tests at home under Ganguly and managed to draw Test series in England and Australia.

Ganguly was replaced by Rahul Dravid in a controversial manner after the former fell out with the then coach Greg Chappell. A year after taking charge of the team, Dravid led India to its first Test series victory in the West Indies in more than 30 years.

In September 2007, Mahendra Singh Dhoni was named as the new captain of the ODI and T20I teams, after Dravid stepped down from the post. Prior to that, Dhoni had led India to the title in the inaugural World T20I.  Anil Kumble was appointed Test captain in November 2007, but retired from international cricket in November 2008 after captaining in 14 Tests. Dhoni succeeded him as the Test captain, making him the captain in all formats.

Dhoni soon went on to create his own legacy, becoming the most successful skipper in the history of Indian cricket. Under his captaincy, India rose to the number one in Test rankings and held the position for 21 months (from November 2009 to August 2011), and set a national record for most back-to-back ODI wins (nine straight wins).

In 2011, he ended India’s long 28-year wait for a 50-over World Cup when the team beat Sri Lanka at the Wankhede Stadium in Mumbai. A couple of years later, the Dhoni-led side triumphed in the ICC Champions Trophy in England. Thus, Dhoni became the first captain in history to win all three major ICC trophies, namely- ICC Cricket World Cup in 2011, ICC World Twenty20 in 2007 and ICC Champions Trophy in 2013. Till date, he is the only skipper to achieve the incredible feat.

But the second half of his captaincy career was marred by disastrous results in overseas games. India was whitewashed in England and Australia. The team also lost Test series at home against England and in South Africa as well as New Zealand. Dhoni finally stepped down as Test skipper after India lost another Test series in Australia in 2014. He was replaced by current skipper Virat Kohli. Three years later, Dhoni stepped down as limited-overs skipper, thus Kohli became the skipper across formats.

And so far, Kohli has done a commendable job. Under Kohli’s captaincy, India was unbeaten in 19 Test matches, starting from a 3–0 series win over New Zealand and ending with a 2–1 series win over Australia. Kohli led India to a record consecutive nine Test series wins which came to an end during the 2-1 loss in South Africa in 2018.

Under Kohli, India also became only the third team after Australia and South Africa to have won their most recent Test series simultaneously against all the other Test playing nations.

Here is a list of India’s national cricket team Test captains:

Player Span Mat Won Lost Tied Draw W/L %W %L
CK Nayudu 1932-1934 4 0 3 0 1 0 0 75
Vizianagram 1936-1936 3 0 2 0 1 0 0 66.66
Nawab of Pataudi 1946-1946 3 0 1 0 2 0 0 33.33
L Amarnath 1947-1952 15 2 6 0 7 0 13.33 40
VS Hazare 1951-1953 14 1 5 0 8 0 7.14 35.71
MH Mankad 1955-1959 6 0 1 0 5 0 0 16.66
Ghulam Ahmed 1955-1959 3 0 2 0 1 0 0 66.66
PR Umrigar 1955-1958 8 2 2 0 4 1 25 25
HR Adhikari 1959-1959 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
DK Gaekwad 1959-1959 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 100
P Roy 1959-1959 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 100
GS Ramchand 1959-1960 5 1 2 0 2 1 20 40
NJ Contractor 1960-1962 12 2 2 0 8 1 16.66 16.66
Nawab of Pataudi 1962-1975 40 9 19 0 12 0 22.5 47.5
CG Borde 1967-1967 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 100
AL Wadekar 1971-1974 16 4 4 0 8 1 25 25
S Venkataraghavan 1974-1979 5 0 2 0 3 0 0 40
SM Gavaskar 1976-1985 47 9 8 0 30 1 19.14 17.02
BS Bedi 1976-1978 22 6 11 0 5 1 27.27 50
GR Viswanath 1980-1980 2 0 1 0 1 0 0 50
N Kapil Dev 1983-1987 34 4 7 1 22 1 11.76 20.58
DB Vengsarkar 1987-1989 10 2 5 0 3 0 20 50
RJ Shastri 1988-1988 1 1 0 0 0 100 0
K Srikkanth 1989-1989 4 0 0 0 4 0 0 0
M Azharuddin 1990-1999 47 14 14 0 19 1 29.78 29.78
SR Tendulkar 1996-2000 25 4 9 0 12 0 16 36
SC Ganguly 2000-2005 49 21 13 0 15 1.61 42.85 26.53
R Dravid 2003-2007 25 8 6 0 11 1 32 24
V Sehwag 2005-2012 4 2 1 0 1 2 50 25
A Kumble 2007-2008 14 3 5 0 6 0.6 21.42 35.71
MS Dhoni 2008-2014 60 27 18 0 15 1.5 45 30
V Kohli 2014-2018 43 25 9 0 9 2.77 58.13 20.93
AM Rahane 2017-2018 2 2 0 0 0 100 0

Here is a list of India’s national cricket team ODI captains:

Player Span Mat Won Lost Tied NR %
AL Wadekar 1974-1974 2 0 2 0 0 0
S Venkataraghavan 1975-1979 7 1 6 0 0 14
BS Bedi 1976-1978 4 1 3 0 0 25
SM Gavaskar 1980-1985 37 14 21 0 2 40
GR Viswanath 1981-1981 1 0 1 0 0 0
N Kapil Dev 1982-1987 74 39 33 0 2 54
SMH Kirmani 1983-1983 1 0 1 0 0 0
M Amarnath 1984-1984 1 0 0 0 1
RJ Shastri 1987-1991 11 4 7 0 0 36
DB Vengsarkar 1987-1989 18 8 10 0 0 44
K Srikkanth 1989-1989 13 4 8 0 1 33
M Azharuddin 1990-1999 174 90 76 2 6 54
SR Tendulkar 1996-2000 73 23 43 1 6 35
A Jadeja 1998-1999 13 8 5 0 0 62
SC Ganguly 1999-2005 146 76 65 0 5 54
R Dravid 2000-2007 79 42 33 0 4 56
A Kumble 2002-2002 1 1 0 0 0 100
V Sehwag 2003-2012 12 7 5 0 0 58
MS Dhoni 2007-2018 200 110 74 5 11 60
SK Raina 2010-2014 12 6 5 0 1 55
G Gambhir 2010-2011 6 6 0 0 0 100
V Kohli 2013-2018 57 42 13 1 1 76
AM Rahane 2015-2015 3 3 0 0 0 100
RG Sharma 2017-2018 8 7 1 0 0 88

Here is a list of India’s national cricket team T20 captains:

Player Span Mat Won Lost Tied NR %
V Sehwag 2006-2006 1 1 0 0 0 100
MS Dhoni 2007-2016 72 41 28 1 2 59.28
SK Raina 2010-2011 3 3 0 0 0 100
AM Rahane 2015-2015 2 1 1 0 0 50
V Kohli 2017-2018 20 12 7 0 1 63.15
RG Sharma 2017-2018 12 11 1 0 0 91.66

Coaches:

Before the 1990s, India did not give much preference to hiring a coach. The team used to be accompanied by ad hoc team manager on a tour-wise basis. However, things chances when Bishan Singh Bedi was appointed in 1990. Since then, India started hiring full-time coaches on a regular basis.

In 2000, Indian cricket saw a watershed moment when John Wright became the team’s first overseas coach. Since then, the likes of Greg Chappell, Gary Kirsten and Duncan Fletcher have coached the team. The trend of hiring overseas coach came to an end when Anil Kumble took charge in 2016 before being replaced by Ravi Shastri a year later.

Here is a list showing the individuals who have coached India national cricket team:

Coach Tenure
Bishen Singh Bedi 1990-1991
Abbas Ali Baig 1991–1992
Ajit Wadekar 1992–1996
Sandeep Patil 1996
Madan Lal 1996–1997
Anshuman Gaekwad 1997–1999
Kapil Dev 1999–2000
John Wright 2000–2005
Greg Chappell 2005–2007
Gary Kirsten 2007–2011
Duncan Fletcher 2011–2015
Ravi Shastri (Team director) 2014-2016
Sanjay Bangar (Interim coach) 2016
Anil Kumble 2016–2017
Ravi Shastri 2017–Present

Results in international cricket:

India’s journey in international cricket is nothing less than an adventure. The team began its journey as underdogs and are currently one of the biggest if not the biggest team in world cricket. India has been on top of ICC Test rankings for over two years now and is one of the finest limited-overs team in the world for quite some time now.

So here we take a look at India’s performance in international cricket:

India’s national cricket team performance in Tests:

Series Season Winner Margin
India in England Test Match 1932 England 1-0 (1)
England in India Test Series 1933/34 England 2-0 (3)
India in England Test Series 1936 England 2-0 (3)
India in England Test Series 1946 England 1-0 (3)
India in Australia Test Series 1947/48 Australia 4-0 (5)
West Indies in India Test Series 1948/49 West Indies 1-0 (5)
England in India Test Series 1951/52 drawn 1-1 (5)
India in England Test Series 1952 England 3-0 (4)
Pakistan in India Test Series 1952/53 India 2-1 (5)
India in West Indies Test Series 1952/53 West Indies 1-0 (5)
India in Pakistan Test Series 1954/55 drawn 0-0 (5)
New Zealand in India Test Series 1955/56 India 2-0 (5)
Australia in India Test Series 1956/57 Australia 2-0 (3)
West Indies in India Test Series 1958/59 West Indies 3-0 (5)
India in England Test Series 1959 England 5-0 (5)
Australia in India Test Series 1959/60 Australia 2-1 (5)
Pakistan in India Test Series 1960/61 drawn 0-0 (5)
England in India Test Series 1961/62 India 2-0 (5)
India in West Indies Test Series 1961/62 West Indies 5-0 (5)
England in India Test Series 1963/64 drawn 0-0 (5)
Australia in India Test Series 1964/65 drawn 1-1 (3)
New Zealand in India Test Series 1964/65 India 1-0 (4)
West Indies in India Test Series 1966/67 West Indies 2-0 (3)
India in England Test Series 1967 England 3-0 (3)
India in Australia Test Series 1967/68 Australia 4-0 (4)
India in New Zealand Test Series 1967/68 India 3-1 (4)
New Zealand in India Test Series 1969/70 drawn 1-1 (3)
Australia in India Test Series 1969/70 Australia 3-1 (5)
India in West Indies Test Series 1970/71 India 1-0 (5)
India in England Test Series 1971 India 1-0 (3)
England in India Test Series 1972/73 India 2-1 (5)
India in England Test Series 1974 England 3-0 (3)
West Indies in India Test Series 1974/75 West Indies 3-2 (5)
India in New Zealand Test Series 1975/76 drawn 1-1 (3)
India in West Indies Test Series 1975/76 West Indies 2-1 (4)
New Zealand in India Test Series 1976/77 India 2-0 (3)
England in India Test Series 1976/77 England 3-1 (5)
India in Australia Test Series 1977/78 Australia 3-2 (5)
India in Pakistan Test Series 1978/79 Pakistan 2-0 (3)
West Indies in India Test Series 1978/79 India 1-0 (6)
India in England Test Series 1979 England 1-0 (4)
Australia in India Test Series 1979/80 India 2-0 (6)
Pakistan in India Test Series 1979/80 India 2-0 (6)
Golden Jubilee Test (England in India) 1979/80 England
India in Australia Test Series 1980/81 drawn 1-1 (3)
India in New Zealand Test Series 1980/81 New Zealand 1-0 (3)
England in India Test Series 1981/82 India 1-0 (6)
India in England Test Series 1982 England 1-0 (3)
Sri Lanka in India Test Match 1982/83 drawn 0-0 (1)
India in Pakistan Test Series 1982/83 Pakistan 3-0 (6)
India in West Indies Test Series 1982/83 West Indies 2-0 (5)
Pakistan in India Test Series 1983/84 drawn 0-0 (3)
West Indies in India Test Series 1983/84 West Indies 3-0 (6)
India in Pakistan Test Series 1984/85 drawn 0-0 (2)
England in India Test Series 1984/85 England 2-1 (5)
India in Sri Lanka Test Series 1985 Sri Lanka 1-0 (3)
India in Australia Test Series 1985/86 drawn 0-0 (3)
India in England Test Series 1986 India 2-0 (3)
Australia in India Test Series 1986/87 drawn 0-0 (3)
Sri Lanka in India Test Series 1986/87 India 2-0 (3)
Pakistan in India Test Series 1986/87 Pakistan 1-0 (5)
West Indies in India Test Series 1987/88 drawn 1-1 (4)
New Zealand in India Test Series 1988/89 India 2-1 (3)
India in West Indies Test Series 1988/89 West Indies 3-0 (4)
India in Pakistan Test Series 1989/90 drawn 0-0 (4)
India in New Zealand Test Series 1989/90 New Zealand 1-0 (3)
India in England Test Series 1990 England 1-0 (3)
Sri Lanka in India Test Match 1990/91 India 1-0 (1)
India in Australia Test Series 1991/92 Australia 4-0 (5)
India in Zimbabwe Test Match 1992/93 drawn 0-0 (1)
India in South Africa Test Series 1992/93 South Africa 1-0 (4)
England in India Test Series 1992/93 India 3-0 (3)
Zimbabwe in India Test Match 1992/93 India 1-0 (1)
India in Sri Lanka Test Series 1993 India 1-0 (3)
Sri Lanka in India Test Series 1993/94 India 3-0 (3)
India in New Zealand Test Match 1993/94 drawn 0-0 (1)
West Indies in India Test Series 1994/95 drawn 1-1 (3)
New Zealand in India Test Series 1995/96 India 1-0 (3)
India in England Test Series 1996 England 1-0 (3)
Border-Gavaskar Trophy (Australia in India) 1996/97 India 1-0 (1)
South Africa in India Test Series 1996/97 India 2-1 (3)
India in South Africa Test Series 1996/97 South Africa 2-0 (3)
India in West Indies Test Series 1996/97 West Indies 1-0 (5)
India in Sri Lanka Test Series 1997 drawn 0-0 (2)
Sri Lanka in India Test Series 1997/98 drawn 0-0 (3)
Border-Gavaskar Trophy (Australia in India) 1997/98 India 2-1 (3)
India in Zimbabwe Test Match 1998/99 Zimbabwe 1-0 (1)
India in New Zealand Test Series 1998/99 New Zealand 1-0 (2)
Pakistan in India Test Series 1998/99 drawn 1-1 (2)
Asian Test Championship (India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka in Bangladesh/India/Pakistan/Sri Lanka) 1998/99 Pakistan
New Zealand in India Test Series 1999/00 India 1-0 (3)
Border-Gavaskar Trophy (India in Australia) 1999/00 Australia 3-0 (3)
South Africa in India Test Series 1999/00 South Africa 2-0 (2)
India in Bangladesh Test Match 2000/01 India 1-0 (1)
Zimbabwe in India Test Series 2000/01 India 1-0 (2)
Border-Gavaskar Trophy (Australia in India) 2000/01 India 2-1 (3)
India in Zimbabwe Test Series 2001 drawn 1-1 (2)
India in Sri Lanka Test Series 2001 Sri Lanka 2-1 (3)
India in South Africa Test Series 2001/02 South Africa 1-0 (2)
England in India Test Series 2001/02 India 1-0 (3)
Zimbabwe in India Test Series 2001/02 India 2-0 (2)
India in West Indies Test Series 2002 West Indies 2-1 (5)
India in England Test Series 2002 drawn 1-1 (4)
West Indies in India Test Series 2002/03 India 2-0 (3)
India in New Zealand Test Series 2002/03 New Zealand 2-0 (2)
New Zealand in India Test Series 2003/04 drawn 0-0 (2)
Border-Gavaskar Trophy (India in Australia) 2003/04 drawn 1-1 (4)
India in Pakistan Test Series 2003/04 India 2-1 (3)
Border-Gavaskar Trophy (Australia in India) 2004/05 Australia 2-1 (4)
South Africa in India Test Series 2004/05 India 1-0 (2)
India in Bangladesh Test Series 2004/05 India 2-0 (2)
Pakistan in India Test Series 2004/05 drawn 1-1 (3)
India in Zimbabwe Test Series 2005 India 2-0 (2)
Sri Lanka in India Test Series 2005/06 India 2-0 (3)
India in Pakistan Test Series 2005/06 Pakistan 1-0 (3)
England in India Test Series 2005/06 drawn 1-1 (3)
India in West Indies Test Series 2006 India 1-0 (4)
India in South Africa Test Series 2006/07 South Africa 2-1 (3)
India in Bangladesh Test Series 2007 India 1-0 (2)
Pataudi Trophy (India in England) 2007 India 1-0 (3)
Pakistan in India Test Series 2007/08 India 1-0 (3)
Border-Gavaskar Trophy (India in Australia) 2007/08 Australia 2-1 (4)
South Africa in India Test Series 2007/08 drawn 1-1 (3)
India in Sri Lanka Test Series 2008 Sri Lanka 2-1 (3)
Border-Gavaskar Trophy (Australia in India) 2008/09 India 2-0 (4)
England in India Test Series 2008/09 India 1-0 (2)
India in New Zealand Test Series 2008/09 India 1-0 (3)
Sri Lanka in India Test Series 2009/10 India 2-0 (3)
India in Bangladesh Test Series 2009/10 India 2-0 (2)
South Africa in India Test Series 2009/10 drawn 1-1 (2)
India in Sri Lanka Test Series 2010 drawn 1-1 (3)
Border-Gavaskar Trophy (Australia in India) 2010/11 India 2-0 (2)
New Zealand in India Test Series 2010/11 India 1-0 (3)
India in South Africa Test Series 2010/11 drawn 1-1 (3)
India in West Indies Test Series 2011 India 1-0 (3)
Pataudi Trophy (India in England) 2011 England 4-0 (4)
West Indies in India Test Series 2011/12 India 2-0 (3)
Border-Gavaskar Trophy (India in Australia) 2011/12 Australia 4-0 (4)
New Zealand in India Test Series 2012 India 2-0 (2)
England in India Test Series 2012/13 England 2-1 (4)
Border-Gavaskar Trophy (Australia in India) 2012/13 India 4-0 (4)
West Indies in India Test Series 2013/14 India 2-0 (2)
India in South Africa Test Series 2013/14 South Africa 1-0 (2)
India in New Zealand Test Series 2013/14 New Zealand 1-0 (2)
Pataudi Trophy (India in England) 2014 England 3-1 (5)
Border-Gavaskar Trophy (India in Australia) 2014/15 Australia 2-0 (4)
India in Bangladesh Test Match 2015 drawn 0-0 (1)
India in Sri Lanka Test Series 2015 India 2-1 (3)
Freedom Trophy (South Africa in India) 2015/16 India 3-0 (4)
India in West Indies Test Series 2016 India 2-0 (4)
New Zealand in India Test Series 2016/17 India 3-0 (3)
England in India Test Series 2016/17 India 4-0 (5)
Bangladesh in India Test Match 2016/17 India 1-0 (1)
Border-Gavaskar Trophy (Australia in India) 2016/17 India 2-1 (4)
India in Sri Lanka Test Series 2017 India 3-0 (3)
Sri Lanka in India Test Series 2017/18 India 1-0 (3)
Freedom Trophy (India in South Africa) 2017/18 South Africa 2-1 (3)
Afghanistan in India Test Match 2018 India 1-0 (1)
Pataudi Trophy (India in England) 2018 England 4-1 (5)
West Indies in India Test Series 2018/19 India 2-0 (2)

India’s performances in ODIs:

Series/Tournament Season Winner Margin
Prudential Trophy (India in England) 1974 England 2-0 (2)
Prudential World Cup (in England) 1975 West Indies
India in New Zealand ODI Series 1975/76 New Zealand 2-0 (2)
India in Pakistan ODI Series 1978/79 Pakistan 2-1 (3)
Prudential World Cup (in England) 1979 West Indies
Benson & Hedges World Series Cup (Australia, India, New Zealand in Australia) 1980/81 Australia
India in New Zealand ODI Series 1980/81 New Zealand 2-0 (2)
England in India ODI Series 1981/82 India 2-1 (3)
Prudential Trophy (India in England) 1982 England 2-0 (2)
Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 1982/83 India 3-0 (3)
India in Pakistan ODI Series 1982/83 Pakistan 3-1 (4)
India in West Indies ODI Series 1982/83 West Indies 2-1 (3)
Prudential World Cup (in England) 1983 India
Pakistan in India ODI Series 1983/84 India 2-0 (2)
West Indies in India ODI Series 1983/84 West Indies 5-0 (5)
Rothmans Asia Cup (India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka in United Arab Emirates) 1983/84 India
Australia in India ODI Series 1984/85 Australia 3-0 (5)
India in Pakistan ODI Series 1984/85 Pakistan 1-0 (2)
England in India ODI Series 1984/85 England 4-1 (5)
Benson & Hedges World Championship of Cricket (in Australia) 1984/85 India
Rothmans Four-Nations Cup (Australia, England, India, Pakistan in United Arab Emirates) 1984/85 India
India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 1985 drawn 1-1 (3)
Rothmans Sharjah Cup (India, Pakistan, West Indies in United Arab Emirates) 1985/86 West Indies
Benson & Hedges World Series Cup (Australia, India, New Zealand in Australia) 1985/86 Australia
Austral-Asia Cup (Australia, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, Sri Lanka in United Arab Emirates) 1985/86 Pakistan
Texaco Trophy (India in England) 1986 India 1-1 (2)
Australia in India ODI Series 1986/87 India 3-2 (6)
Champions Trophy (India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, West Indies in United Arab Emirates) 1986/87 West Indies
Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 1986/87 India 4-1 (5)
Pakistan in India ODI Series 1986/87 Pakistan 5-1 (6)
Sharjah Cup (Australia, England, India, Pakistan in United Arab Emirates) 1986/87 England
Reliance World Cup (in India/Pakistan) 1987/88 Australia
Indian Board Benevolent Fund Match (West Indies in India) 1987/88 West Indies 1-0 (1)
West Indies in India ODI Series 1987/88 West Indies 6-1 (7)
Sharjah Cup (India, New Zealand, Sri Lanka in United Arab Emirates) 1987/88 India
Champions Trophy (India, Pakistan, West Indies in United Arab Emirates) 1988/89 West Indies
Wills Asia Cup (Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka in Bangladesh) 1988/89 India
New Zealand in India ODI Series 1988/89 India 4-0 (4)
India in West Indies ODI Series 1988/89 West Indies 5-0 (5)
Champions Trophy (India, Pakistan, West Indies in United Arab Emirates) 1989/90 Pakistan
MRF World Series (Nehru Cup) (Australia, England, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, West Indies in India) 1989/90 Pakistan
India in Pakistan ODI Series 1989/90 Pakistan 2-0 (3)
Rothmans Cup Triangular Series (Australia, India, New Zealand in New Zealand) 1989/90 Australia
Austral-Asia Cup (Australia, Bangladesh, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, Sri Lanka in United Arab Emirates) 1990 Pakistan
Texaco Trophy (India in England) 1990 India 2-0 (2)
Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 1990/91 India 2-1 (3)
Asia Cup (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka in India) 1990/91 India
Wills Trophy (India, Pakistan, West Indies in United Arab Emirates) 1991/92 Pakistan
South Africa in India ODI Series 1991/92 India 2-1 (3)
Benson & Hedges World Series (Australia, India, West Indies in Australia) 1991/92 Australia
Benson & Hedges World Cup (in Australia/New Zealand) 1991/92 Pakistan
India in Zimbabwe ODI Match 1992/93 India 1-0 (1)
India in South Africa ODI Series 1992/93 South Africa 5-2 (7)
England in India ODI Series 1992/93 drawn 3-3 (6)
Zimbabwe in India ODI Series 1992/93 India 3-0 (3)
India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 1993 Sri Lanka 2-1 (3)
C.A.B. Jubilee Tournament (Hero Cup) (India, South Africa, Sri Lanka, West Indies, Zimbabwe in India) 1993/94 India
Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 1993/94 India 2-1 (3)
India in New Zealand ODI Series 1993/94 drawn 2-2 (4)
Pepsi Austral-Asia Cup (Australia, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, United Arab Emirates in United Arab Emirates) 1993/94 Pakistan
Singer World Series (Australia, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka in Sri Lanka) 1994 India
Wills World Series (India, New Zealand, West Indies in India) 1994/95 India
West Indies in India ODI Series 1994/95 India 4-1 (5)
New Zealand Centenary Tournament (Australia, India, New Zealand, South Africa) 1994/95 Australia
Pepsi Asia Cup (Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka in United Arab Emirates) 1994/95 India
New Zealand in India ODI Series 1995/96 India 3-2 (5)
Wills World Cup (in India/Pakistan/Sri Lanka) 1995/96 Sri Lanka
Singer Cup (India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka in Singapore) 1995/96 Pakistan
Pepsi Sharjah Cup (India, Pakistan, South Africa in United Arab Emirates) 1995/96 South Africa
Texaco Trophy (India in England) 1996 England 2-0 (3)
Singer World Series (Australia, India, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe in Sri Lanka) 1996 Sri Lanka
Sahara ‘Friendship’ Cup (India, Pakistan in Canada) 1996 Pakistan 3-2 (5)
Titan Cup (Australia, India, South Africa in India) 1996/97 India
Mohinder Amarnath Benefit Match (South Africa in India) 1996/97 India
Standard Bank International One-Day Series (India, South Africa, Zimbabwe in South Africa) 1996/97 South Africa
India in Zimbabwe ODI Series 1996/97 Zimbabwe 1-0 (1)
India in West Indies ODI Series 1996/97 West Indies 3-1 (4)
Pepsi Independence Cup (India, New Zealand, Pakistan, Sri Lanka in India) 1997 Sri Lanka
Pepsi Asia Cup (Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka in Sri Lanka) 1997 Sri Lanka
India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 1997 Sri Lanka 3-0 (3)
Sahara ‘Friendship’ Cup (India, Pakistan in Canada) 1997 India 4-1 (5)
India in Pakistan ODI Series 1997/98 Pakistan 2-1 (3)
Akai-Singer Champions Trophy (England, India, Pakistan, West Indies in United Arab Emirates) 1997/98 England
Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 1997/98 drawn 1-1 (3)
Silver Jubilee Independence Cup (Bangladesh, India, Pakistan in Bangladesh) 1997/98 India
Pepsi Triangular Series (Australia, India, Zimbabwe in India) 1997/98 Australia
Coca-Cola Cup (Australia, India, New Zealand in United Arab Emirates) 1997/98 India
Coca-Cola Triangular Series (Bangladesh, India, Kenya in India) 1998 India
Singer-Akai Nidahas Trophy (India, New Zealand, Sri Lanka in Sri Lanka) 1998 India
Sahara ‘Friendship’ Cup (India, Pakistan in Canada) 1998 Pakistan 4-1 (5)
India in Zimbabwe ODI Series 1998/99 India 2-1 (3)
Wills International Cup (in Bangladesh) 1998/99 South Africa
Coca-Cola Champions Trophy (India, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe in United Arab Emirates) 1998/99 India
India in New Zealand ODI Series 1998/99 drawn 2-2 (5)
Pepsi Cup (India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka in India) 1998/99 Pakistan
Coca-Cola Cup (England, India, Pakistan in United Arab Emirates) 1998/99 Pakistan
ICC World Cup (in England/Ireland/Netherlands/Scotland) 1999 Australia
Aiwa Cup (Australia, India, Sri Lanka in Sri Lanka) 1999 Sri Lanka
Coca-Cola Singapore Challenge (India, West Indies, Zimbabwe in Singapore) 1999 West Indies
DMC Cup (India, West Indies in Canada) 1999 India 2-1 (3)
LG Cup (India, Kenya, South Africa, Zimbabwe in Kenya) 1999/00 South Africa
New Zealand in India ODI Series 1999/00 India 3-2 (5)
Carlton & United Series (Australia, India, Pakistan in Australia) 1999/00 Australia
South Africa in India ODI Series 1999/00 India 3-2 (5)
Coca-Cola Cup (India, Pakistan, South Africa in United Arab Emirates) 1999/00 Pakistan
Asia Cup (Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka in Bangladesh) 2000 Pakistan
ICC KnockOut (in Kenya) 2000/01 New Zealand
Coca-Cola Champions Trophy (India, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe in United Arab Emirates) 2000/01 Sri Lanka
Zimbabwe in India ODI Series 2000/01 India 4-1 (5)
Australia in India ODI Series 2000/01 Australia 3-2 (5)
Coca-Cola Cup (Zimbabwe) (India, West Indies, Zimbabwe in Zimbabwe) 2001 West Indies
Coca-Cola Cup (Sri Lanka) (India, New Zealand, Sri Lanka in Sri Lanka) 2001 Sri Lanka
Standard Bank Triangular Tournament (India, Kenya, South Africa in South Africa) 2001/02 South Africa
England in India ODI Series 2001/02 drawn 3-3 (6)
Zimbabwe in India ODI Series 2001/02 India 3-2 (5)
India in West Indies ODI Series 2002 India 2-1 (5)
NatWest Series (England, India, Sri Lanka in England) 2002 India
ICC Champions Trophy (in Sri Lanka) 2002/03 shared
West Indies in India ODI Series 2002/03 West Indies 4-3 (7)
India in New Zealand ODI Series 2002/03 New Zealand 5-2 (7)
ICC World Cup (in Kenya/South Africa/Zimbabwe) 2002/03 Australia
TVS Cup (Bangladesh) (Bangladesh, India, South Africa in Bangladesh) 2003 shared
TVS Cup (India) (Australia, India, New Zealand in India) 2003/04 Australia
VB Series (Australia, India, Zimbabwe in Australia) 2003/04 Australia
India in Pakistan ODI Series 2003/04 India 3-2 (5)
Asia Cup (Bangladesh, Hong Kong, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, United Arab Emirates in Sri Lanka) 2004 Sri Lanka
Videocon Cup (Australia, India, Pakistan in Netherlands) 2004 Australia
NatWest Challenge (England, India, Wales in England) 2004 England 2-1 (3)
ICC Champions Trophy (in England) 2004 West Indies
BCCI Platinum Jubilee Match (Pakistan in India) 2004/5 Pakistan
India in Bangladesh ODI Series 2004/05 India 2-1 (3)
Pakistan in India ODI Series 2004/5 Pakistan 4-2 (6)
Indian Oil Cup (India, Sri Lanka, West Indies in Sri Lanka) 2005 Sri Lanka
Videocon Triangular Series (India, New Zealand, Zimbabwe in Zimbabwe) 2005 New Zealand
Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 2005/06 India 6-1 (7)
South Africa in India ODI Series 2005/06 drawn 2-2 (5)
India in Pakistan ODI Series 2005/6 India 4-1 (5)
England in India ODI Series 2005/6 India 5-1 (7)
DLF Cup (India, Pakistan in United Arab Emirates) 2005/06 drawn 1-1 (2)
India in West Indies ODI Series 2006 West Indies 4-1 (5)
India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 2006 drawn 0-0 (3)
Unitech Cup (India, South Africa, Sri Lanka in Sri Lanka) 2006 abandoned
DLF Cup (Australia, India, West Indies in Malaysia) 2006/07 Australia
ICC Champions Trophy (in India) 2006/07 Australia
India in South Africa ODI Series 2006/07 South Africa 4-0 (5)
West Indies in India ODI Series 2006/07 India 3-1 (4)
Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 2006/07 India 2-1 (4)
ICC World Cup (in West Indies) 2006/07 Australia
India in Bangladesh ODI Series 2007 India 2-0 (3)
India in Ireland ODI Match 2007 India 1-0 (1)
Future Cup (India, South Africa in Ireland) 2007 India 2-1 (3)
Future Friendship Cup (India, Pakistan in Scotland) 2007 abandoned 0-0 (1)
India in Scotland ODI Match 2007 India 1-0 (1)
NatWest Series [India in England] 2007 England 4-3 (7)
Australia in India ODI Series 2007/08 Australia 4-2 (7)
Pakistan in India ODI Series 2007/08 India 3-2 (5)
Commonwealth Bank Series (Australia, India, Sri Lanka in Australia) 2007/08 India
Kitply Cup (Bangladesh, India, Pakistan in Bangladesh) 2008 Pakistan
Asia Cup (Bangladesh, Hong Kong, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, United Arab Emirates in Pakistan) 2008 Sri Lanka
India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 2008 India 3-2 (5)
England in India ODI Series 2008/09 India 5-0 (5)
India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 2008/09 India 4-1 (5)
India in New Zealand ODI Series 2008/09 India 3-1 (5)
India in West Indies ODI Series 2009 India 2-1 (4)
Compaq Cup (India, New Zealand, Sri Lanka in Sri Lanka) 2009 India
ICC Champions Trophy (in South Africa) 2009/10 Australia
Australia in India ODI Series 2009/10 Australia 4-2 (7)
Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 2009/10 India 3-1 (5)
Tri-Nation Tournament in Bangladesh 2009/10 Sri Lanka
South Africa in India ODI Series 2009/10 India 2-1 (3)
Zimbabwe Triangular Series (India, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe) 2010 Sri Lanka
Asia Cup (Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka in Sri Lanka) 2010 India
Sri Lanka Triangular Series (India, New Zealand, Sri Lanka) 2010 Sri Lanka
Australia in India ODI Series 2010/11 India 1-0 (3)
New Zealand in India ODI Series 2010/11 India 5-0 (5)
India in South Africa ODI Series 2010/11 South Africa 3-2 (5)
ICC Cricket World Cup (in Bangladesh/India/Sri Lanka) 2010/11 India
India in West Indies ODI Series 2011 India 3-2 (5)
NatWest Series [India in England] 2011 England 3-0 (5)
England in India ODI Series 2011/12 India 5-0 (5)
West Indies in India ODI Series 2011/12 India 4-1 (5)
Commonwealth Bank Series (Australia, India, Sri Lanka in Australia) 2011/12 Australia
Asia Cup (Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka in Bangladesh) 2011/12 Pakistan
India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 2012 India 4-1 (5)
Pakistan in India ODI Series 2012/13 Pakistan 2-1 (3)
England in India ODI Series 2012/13 India 3-2 (5)
ICC Champions Trophy (in England) 2013 India
West Indies Tri-Nation Series (India, Sri Lanka, West Indies) 2013 India
India in Zimbabwe ODI Series 2013 India 5-0 (5)
Australia in India ODI Series 2013/14 India 3-2 (7)
West Indies in India ODI Series 2013/14 India 2-1 (3)
India in South Africa ODI Series 2013/14 South Africa 2-0 (3)
India in New Zealand ODI Series 2013/14 New Zealand 4-0 (5)
Asia Cup (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka in Bangladesh) 2013/14 Sri Lanka
India in Bangladesh ODI Series 2014 India 2-0 (3)
India in England ODI Series 2014 India 3-1 (5)
West Indies in India ODI Series 2014/15 India 2-1 (5)
Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 2014/15 India 5-0 (5)
Carlton Mid One-Day International Tri-Series (Australia, England, India in Australia) 2014/15 Australia
ICC Cricket World Cup (in Australia/New Zealand) 2014/15 Australia
India in Bangladesh ODI Series 2015 Bangladesh 2-1 (3)
India in Zimbabwe ODI Series 2015 India 3-0 (3)
South Africa in India ODI Series 2015/16 South Africa 3-2 (5)
India in Australia ODI Series 2015/16 Australia 4-1 (5)
India in Zimbabwe ODI Series 2016 India 3-0 (3)
New Zealand in India ODI Series 2016/17 India 3-2 (5)
England in India ODI Series 2016/17 India 2-1 (3)
ICC Champions Trophy (in England) 2017 Pakistan
India in West Indies ODI Series 2017 India 3-1 (5)
India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 2017 India 5-0 (5)
Australia in India ODI Series 2017/18 India 4-1 (5)
New Zealand in India ODI Series 2017/18 India 2-1 (3)
Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 2017/18 India 2-1 (3)
India in South Africa ODI Series 2017/18 India 5-1 (6)
India in England ODI Series 2018 England 2-1 (3)
Asia Cup (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Hong Kong, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka in United Arab Emirates) 2018 India
West Indies in India ODI Series 2018/19 India 3-1 (5)

India’s performances in T20Is:

Series/Tournament Season Winner Margin
India in South Africa T20I Match 2006/07 India 1-0 (1)
ICC World Twenty20 (in South Africa) 2007/08 India
Australia in India T20I Match 2007/08 India 1-0 (1)
India in Australia T20I Match 2007/08 Australia 1-0 (1)
India in Sri Lanka T20I Match 2008/09 India 1-0 (1)
India in New Zealand T20I Series 2008/09 New Zealand 2-0 (2)
ICC World Twenty20 (in England) 2009 Pakistan
Sri Lanka in India T20I Series 2009/10 drawn 1-1 (2)
ICC World Twenty20 (in West Indies) 2010 England
India in Zimbabwe T20I Series 2010 India 2-0 (2)
India in South Africa T20I Match 2010/11 India 1-0 (1)
India in West Indies T20I Match 2011 India 1-0 (1)
India in England T20I Match 2011 England 1-0 (1)
England in India T20I Match 2011/12 England 1-0 (1)
India in Australia T20I Series 2011/12 drawn 1-1 (2)
India in South Africa T20I Match 2011/12 South Africa 1-0 (1)
India in Sri Lanka T20I Match 2012 India 1-0 (1)
New Zealand in India T20I Series 2012 New Zealand 1-0 (2)
ICC World Twenty20 (in Sri Lanka) 2012/13 West Indies
England in India T20I Series 2012/13 drawn 1-1 (2)
Pakistan in India T20I Series 2012/13 drawn 1-1 (2)
India v Australia T20I Match (in India) 2013/14 India 1-0 (1)
World T20 (in Bangladesh) 2013/14 Sri Lanka
India in England T20I Match 2014 England 1-0 (1)
India in Zimbabwe T20I Series 2015 drawn 1-1 (2)
South Africa in India T20I Series 2015/16 South Africa 2-0 (3)
India in Australia T20I Series 2015/16 India 3-0 (3)
Sri Lanka in India T20I Series 2015/16 India 2-1 (3)
Asia Cup (in Bangladesh) 2015/16 India
World T20 (in India) 2015/16 West Indies
India in Zimbabwe T20I Series 2016 India 2-1 (3)
West Indies v India T20I Series (in United States of America) 2016 West Indies 1-0 (2)
England in India T20I Series 2016/17 India 2-1 (3)
India in West Indies T20I Match 2017 West Indies 1-0 (1)
India in Sri Lanka T20I Match 2017 India 1-0 (1)
Australia in India T20I Series 2017/18 drawn 1-1 (3)
New Zealand in India T20I Series 2017/18 India 2-1 (3)
Sri Lanka in India T20I Series 2017/18 India 3-0 (3)
India in South Africa T20I Series 2017/18 India 2-1 (3)
Nidahas Twenty20 Tri-Series (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka in Sri Lanka) 2017/18 India
India in Ireland T20I Series 2018 India 2-0 (2)
India in England T20I Series 2018 India 2-1 (3)
West Indies in India T20I Series 2018/19 India 3-0 (3)
India in Australia T20I Series 2018/19 drawn 1-1 (3)

ICC Rankings:

One of the most consistent teams in the world across formats, India is in top two of the ICC rankings in all the three forms of the game. In Tests, India is number one while in ODIs and T20Is, they are placed second.