Eden Gardens the historic cricket grounds, which is known for its spontaneous spectator and colossal size, will host the ICC tournament final for the second time in its history. The first times it hosted the World Cup final was in 1987 in which Australia ring the bell of their domination in international cricket as they won the World Cup for the first time.
Last year, Cricket Association of Bengal celebrated 150 years of existence of Eden Gardens, so it is the perfect gift to the oldest cricket stadium of the world.
Now, the second biggest stadium after Melbourne Cricket Ground is known for its flair. The Mexican wave in the coliseum of Eden Gardens prospered, they play the role of 12th man while India play international matches here.
The partisan spectators of Eden Gardens constantly chant India India that is actually makes opponent player’s life hell. However, foreign players never hide their fascination for this stadium; cricket has few player who does not want to play at Eden Gardens. Eden Gardens, 150 year old young, lives with colourful history.
At the bank of Hoogly River, in the heart of Maidan, Eden Garden’s stands like a queen.
Here are the eighteen interesting facts about the Eden Gardens:
1. It is the oldest cricket stadium in the world. was built in 1864. The second oldest is the Lord’s which was built in 1884.
2. The second biggest stadium in the world after the Melbourne Cricket Ground. Once Eden Gardens was 1 lakh 20 thousand capacity stadium, the biggest among the cricket stadium cross the world. Just, before the 2011 World Cup the stadium was reduced to 66 thousand capacity stadium. It stands second to MCG, the 98 thousand capacity stadium.
3. The first Test was played between India and England in 1934.
4. Football legend Pele has played here for Cosmos against Mohoun Bagan football club.
5. The derby football matches used to play at Eden gardens before the Salt Lake stadium had been built in 1984.
6. In 16th August, 1980 in a Calcutta Football League derby match between East Bengal and Mahun Bagan, 16 people died as diehard fans of both teams started fighting after goalless draw. People were running to leave the stadium. 16 people were stampeded.
7. Rioting occurred during the 1966/67 West Indies tour and 1969/70 Australia tour.
8. The 1987 World Cup final, which was won by the Allan Border’s Australia, indicated the domination of Australia in cricket for the next decades.
9. The 1996 World Cup opening ceremony held here which was a disaster as laser light show did not work.
10. Eden Gardens hosted 1996 World Cup semifinal between India and Sri Lanka which was awarded to Sri Lanka after rioting crowds forced match officials to call off the match.
11. In 1999, during the Asian Test championship match between India and Pakistan, Shoaib Akhtar imbedded Sachin Tendulkar that forced master blaster to run out. The crowd rioted, the match continued in front of empty stand as police evicted the spectator.
12. Eden Gardens is the witness of two great personal achievements. Former all-rounder Kapil Dev registered a hattrick in an ODI match against Sri Lanka.
Harbhajan Singh achieved this against Australia in the 2001 historic Test win.
12. VVS Laxman’s career best 281 and 376 run partnership with Rahul Dravid helped India to notch up a historic win against Australia.
13. Most runs scored by VVS Lxman in Test (1217) and in ODI Sachin Tendulkar (496).
14 The record of most wickets in Test is hold by Harbhajan Singh (46) and in ODI the record is hold by Anil Kumble and Kapil Dev respectively, 14 wickets each.
15. During the 1996 World Cup match, rioting crowds forced umpires to award the match to Sri Lanka. India were struggling at 120 for seven. Vinod Kambli left the ground with tear in eyes.
16. Sachin’s 199th match held here against West Indies.
17. The best individual innings in ODI cricket came here when Rohit Sharma massacred Sri Lanka bowlers on the way to his career best 264.
18.In 1991/1992 Eden Gardens hosted South Africa’s historic reappearance match in international cricket after twenty years and eight months of isolation. ICC suspended their Test status in 1970 in the wake of global opposition to their goverment’s apartheid policy.